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"Nationalist Conflicts Around Oil Marketing in the Southern Cone: Standard Oil of New Jersey and Royal-Dutch Shell in Argentina and Chile, 1922-1955"

Marcelo Bucheli


First Author :

Marcelo Bucheli
Business Administration
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business
1206 S. Sixth Street
117 DKH, MC 706
Champaign, IL 61820

Abstract :
During the 1920s and 1930s, most Latin American countries drafted nationalist legislations for the oil sector seeking to control the power of foreign multinational corporations. While most initiatives sought to limit the foreign companiesí control on oil production, countries which were not self-sufficient in crude but with an economy that required large amounts of oil products developed nationalist policies around refining and marketing activities. This paper studies the case of Argentina (oil producer but not self-sufficient) and Chile (non-oil producer) and their nationalist policies around oil products marketing in the period 1922-1955. I show that these countries attempts to control their internal oil products market was constrained by their dependence on crude oil made by the foreign corporations and by the way Standard Oil (New Jersey) and Royal Dutch-Shell protected each other. These two elements eventually forced both Chile and Argentina to organize local cartels between the state-owned companies and the foreign corporations.
Keywords :
Argentina, Business History, Chile, Exxon, Foreign Direct Investment, Nationalism, Oil Industry, Royal Dutch-Shell, Standard Oil Company of New Jersey
Manuscript Received : 2007
Manuscript Published : 2007
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